Public Health Nursing

Public health is defined as the science for preventing diseases, protecting the safety, prolonging life of communities and promoting human health through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.

Public health is an interdisciplinary science connects with epidemiology, biostatistics, environmental health, behavioural health, community health, public policy, mental health and occupational health, health economics, sexual and reproductive health are other important subfields.

Public health professionals are trained to perform the following essential duties:

  • Promote modern medicine and scientific neutrality to drive the public health policy and campaign
  • Monitor the health status of the community and identifying the potential health problems
  • Ascertaining the most appropriate interventions
  • Investigate and diagnose health issues and health hazards of the community
  • Educating and empowering the population about health issues
  • Activate community organizations to solve health problems and developing effective health, safety policies and plans that supports individual and public health efforts
  • Enforce laws and regulations that safeguard health of individual and community
  • Giving science-based Research insights and innovative solutions to the health problems
  • Promote wellness and sets safety standards to encourage healthy behaviours

The public health field currently experiencing shortage of 250,000 professionals in U.S. population approximately one-third of the personnel needed to identify, diagnose, prevent and new and emerging public health threats. 

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